Compact units connected to 8V secondarly rail

Examples of various types of sensors and modules operated by a power supply of roughly 8V, generated from 12V battery through a primary power supply.
Simple, ultra-compact power supplies with low noise are introduced.

Block Diagram Power Supply Requirements Recommended Products Features
Step-down
DC 8V to unit internal

Specifications
VIN: 8V
VOUT: 3.3V
IOUT: 500mA
fosc > 2MHz

Other points

  • Compact size / high heat dissipation / low noise
XDL603 / XDL604
(XD9263 / XD9264)

Inductor built-in step-downDC/DC, PWM (XDL603), PWM/PFM (XDL604)

  • Integration of IC and coil achieves high space-saving capabilities, high efficiency, high heat dissipation, and low EMI
  • Pch SW supports 100% duty ratio to correspond VIN decrease
  • XD9263 (PWM) and XD9264 (PWM/PFM) with external coil are also available

AEC-Q100 Grade-2
VIN: 3~18V (Absolute maximum rating of 20V)
VOUT: 1.8V~5V (Set using external resistance. XD9263 / XD9264: 1~15V)
IOUT: 500mA
fosc: 2.2MHz
Maximum Duty ratio: 100% (Pch SW)
Soft-start: Can be externally adjusted
Power Good
Package compatible with wettable flanks (XDL603 / XDL604)

Step-down / LDO
For sensors

Specifications
VOUT: 3.0V
IOUT: 100mA

Other points

  • ON/OFF control from ECU
  • Low noise
XD6506

Low consumption ,low noise voltage regulator

  • Low level of high-frequency noise, suitable for sensors

AEC-Q100 Grade-2
VIN: 1.5~6.0V
VOUT: 1.2V~5.0V
Iq: 0.8μA
IOUT: 150mA

Solution Overview

There are many cases where various sensors and modules connected to main units for infotainment are supplied by a power supply of roughly 8V created by a primary DC/DC within those main units.

Primary step-down DC/DC

The voltage is already stabilized to a constant value of 8V and then input, so it can be directly decreased to the ECU voltage of 3.3V. Since there are some cases where the harness will be longer, in such cases use a DC/DC with a switching frequency of 2MHz or greater in consideration for EMI.
If a light load condition will be experienced for a long time, and a decrease in frequency during that time is allowed, select the PWM/PFM automatic switching type. If it is desired to keep the operating frequency constant regardless of the load condition, select the PWM fixed type.

Also, during cold cranks, due to a decrease of this 8V and fluctuations caused by long harnesses, the Pch SW type, which supports a duty ratio of 100% and can easily maintain the output voltage even when there is a drop in input voltage, is suitable in such cases.

Step-down DC/DCs, 18V operation (Absolute maximum rating of 20V)
XDL603: Inductor built-in PWM
XDL604: Inductor built-in PWM/PFM
XD9263: PWM
XD9264: PWM/PFM

The PG (Power Good) pin of the primary DC/DC can be used as the RESET output for monitoring the power supply voltage of the ECU.
By signaling that the voltage has risen up sufficiently before starting operation of the ECU, and also signaling when there is a drop in voltage, ECU malfunctions can be prevented.

LDO for sensor

Obtaining power supplies for sensors in this way from the power rail for the ECU using LDOs is a simple and efficient method of controlling heat generation characteristics.
Since low noise and ripple are important, LDOs which have low power and low noise are ideal.

Voltage regulator
XD6506: Low consumption

The sensor is only turned ON when necessary, so the CE signal is controlled by the ECU.

In simple units like this, simple configurations using only voltage regulators have been used for some time up until now, but heat generation caused by an increase in the number of ECUs installed in automobiles, as well as their associated miniaturization and advancements in performance, is becoming an important issue, so their replacement with DC/DCs is proceeding.

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